This alternative fuel is available in 41 states as well as Washington, D. Ethanol blended gasoline has actually been available for a number of years as E Pure ethanol has an octane rating ofand thus Ethanol blends have an overall higher octane rating. It's also safe for use in the small gasoline engines you might find around your house, including your lawn mower! Other ethanol blends are becoming available through the use of blender gas pumps.

While not approved in vehicles that are not designated Flex Fuel, blender pumps allow vehicle owners to choose their preferred blend of E85 and ethanol, resulting in blends such as E20, E30, and E Ethanol is refined primarily from corn, but can also be produced from sorghum and more recently can be created from cellulostic materials such as straw, sugar cane, sugar beets, corn cobs, and other plant material.

Ethanol Alternative Fuel - E85 Secrets

All information contained on this site is for personal use only. Station locations and E85 availability should be confirmed with your station of choice prior to your visit. Any trademarks or trade names are the property of their respective owners. E85 Locations. E85 Production. Ethanol Resources. Flex Fuel Vehicles.

Find Ethanol, the Alternative Fuel near you! According to EthanolFacts. Back to Top. Rhode Island. South Carolina. South Dakota. New Hampshire. New Jersey. New Mexico. Washington, D. New York. West Virginia. North Carolina. North Dakota.Ethanol-the fuel distilled from corn instead of crude oil-is a controversial topic in political circles these days. It seems to hit every hot button in public policy, from global warming to farm subsidies to oil dependence.

However, we are not going anywhere near that pie fight. Lucky us: We get to bypass all the left-wing poppycock and right-wing folderol and focus on this issue solely as it relates to hot rodding.

The bottom line here is that ethanol looks like a pretty darn good performance fuel. Since hot rodders are all about looking for a performance edge, not to mention doing it on the cheap, it didn't take them long to notice something interesting: E85 ethanol actually retails for less than regular gasoline-from 20 to 40 cents per gallon cheaper in most areas. But its pump octane rating isconsiderably higher than premium pump gas 93 to 94 octane and comparable to racing fuels.

Since octane racing gas may sell for five to six bucks per gallon, and octane can knock you back as much as 10 to 12 dollars per gallon, at less than three bucks per gallon E85 starts to look very attractive. Also, E85 is perfectly legal for road use, and depending on where you live, it is available straight off the fueling island at your local gas station.

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So ethanol appears to be a sweet deal if you are in need of a high-octane street fuel. But wouldn't you know it, there is more to the story. There usually is. The first thing we need to know is that E85, the most common of the ethanol fuel blends, is actually three fuel grades. Class 1 or "pure" E85 contains 80 to 84 percent ethanol, while the remainder of the blend is commercial-grade around 85 pump octane gasoline.

Class 2 or E75 is 75 to 79 percent ethanol, while Class 3 or E70 is 70 to 74 percent ethanol. However, all three classes of fuel may be marketed as E85 at various times during the year. While it seems confusing, this is done mainly to offer better cold-starting performance-which is a problem with ethanol fuels. Since straight ethanol has a relatively low Reid vapor pressure meaning it doesn't like to light off at low temperaturesgreater percentages of gasoline are added to the blend for colder weather.

So while E85 is often described as pump octane, its actual rating can vary depending upon the seasonal blend. Naturally, higher gasoline content will tend to lower the pump octane from for "pure" E85 to perhaps for Ethough these figures are approximations, it is important to note.

Since ethanol is relatively new on the consumer scene, it is just not as thoroughly documented or standardized as gasoline. This is why, in part, you may see E85 described as anywhere from to octane.

Next, just as with conventional gasoline, with E85 and other ethanol blends there are multiple ways to measure octane. This averaged value, also known as antiknock index or AKI, is the number shown on gas pumps here in North America.

The research octane of ethanol is impressively high, which is a beautiful thing for high-compression and high-boost applications. What this means is that E85 is highly resistant to knock but somewhat sensitive to preignition, comparatively speaking.

Knock and preignition are two different conditions: Knock is spontaneous combustion in the end gases before the flame-front can arrive, while preignition takes place before the timed ignition spark occurs, typically due to localized incandescence or hot spots in the combustion chamber. But it's no huge deal: Simply know that when running E85 and other ethanol blends, you need to step down one to two heat ranges cooler on the spark plugs, and watch for other potential hot spots such as sharp edges on the piston domes and chambers.

Of course, the biggest tuning change when switching from gasoline to E85 is in fuel delivery. Yes, you will need more, just as you have heard-considerably more, in the range of 25 percent. A recent graduate of Kettering University, he is currently writing a rather thick master's thesis on ethanol fuels.

And just to let you know where he is coming from: The hp, ci Rat motor in his personal hot rod, a '69 Chevy half-ton pickup, runs on E85 with a Demon carburetor. He says, "If you compare gasoline and E85, they have roughly a 20 to 25 percent differential in energy density by mass. We can't change that. What we can do is compensate for it by delivering more fuel mass to make up the difference. And that points directly to one of the clear tradeoffs with E When you pump in roughly 25 percent more fuel, you take an approximate 25 percent hit in fuel economy as well, though it can be offset somewhat with careful tuning.

And while drivers can switch back and forth from gasoline to E85 at will with the flex-fuel vehicles currently offered by the automakers, that is some fairly advanced technology beyond the reach of most backyard tuners. Once you've recalibrated your fuel system for ethanol, you're committed to ethanol until you change the calibration back again.Ethanol is an alcohol -based fuel made by fermenting and distilling starch crops, corn mostly.

Only a relative handful of renewable energy companies produce it, but virtually all the ethanol they generate comes from renewable crops grown on American farms.

Proponents argue that mixing 85 parts ethanol with 15 parts gasoline to create E85 ethanol fuel helps stretch the earth's supply of oilwhich is finite. By reducing oil imports, backers argue, ethanol eases the nation's trade imbalance and cuts down on the tax dollars and military resources needed to keep foreign oil flowing.

e85 gas

As for environmental benefits, the U. Department of Energy says vehicles fueled with E85 ethanol have lower carbon monoxide and carbon dioxide emissions than conventional gasoline or diesel vehicles.

Ethanol is water soluble, non-toxic, and biodegradable. E85 ethanol contains far fewer potential contaminants than found in gasoline. But for nearly every benefit ascribed to E85 ethanol, a detractor is ready with a counterpoint. For example, ethanol production requires burning non-renewable fossil fuels to plant, grow, and harvest the crops and operate refineries. A Cornell University agricultural expert says that, considering the energy costs of growing corn and converting it to ethanol, it takes far more energy to produce ethanol than it yields.

A University of California study, by contrast, insists modern farm efficiency means ethanol generates more energy than it requires to produce.

Critics say ethanol production diverts corn that could be used to feed animals and people, thus shrinking the supply of corn and raising the price of food. As for environmental concerns, many new ethanol refineries are seeking ways to cut costs by using coal as an energy source. Most now run on natural gas. Coal costs less, but pollutes more. And the U. Environmental Protection Agency says that putting more E85 ethanol flex-fuel vehicles on the road will result in more airborne chemicals that create smog, threatening an increase in respiratory ailments.

Detractors also point to burdens on taxpayers. The federal government, along with some agricultural states, has for decades subsidized ethanol production under the banner of farm support.

Critics say the main beneficiaries of the billions of dollars in tax exemptions and incentives are giant agribusinesses and corporate refiners. InIllinois became the first state to remove the sales tax on E85 ethanol fuel. On the heels of an energy bill signed into law in that requires refiners to produce more ethanol over the next decade, President Bush has pledged federal dollars to fund additional research into new methods of ethanol production.

At the same time, federal regulators anxious to ease administrative burdens on ethanol production have proposed relaxed limits on the amount of air pollution these refineries would be allowed to generate.If you choose to purchase an E85 ethanol flex-fuel vehicle, or discover you already have one, you'll be pleased to learn it won't require any drastic changes in your driving habits.

If you insist on using E85 ethanol fuel most or all of the time, however, and you will be compelled to make some compromises.

E85 Don’t Do It! Unless you know…

As the term "flexible fuel" implies, any E85 ethanol flex-fuel vehicle can run on percent E85, percent pump gasoline of any octaneor any combination of E85 ethanol and gasoline. The car's on-board diagnostic systems compensate for any of these blends to keep it running according to manufacturer's specifications.

Neither do they vary horsepower ratings for E85 ethanol flex-fuel engines. E85 ethanol has an octane rating ofversus for gasoline, but manufacturers do not tune E85 ethanol-capable engines for higher performance than their gas-only counterparts.

This allows them to run efficiently on conventional gasoline. On the road, real-world performance is indistinguishable.

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Consumer Guide's automotive editors road tested an E85 ethanol flex-fuel Impala on both 87 octane gasoline and E85 ethanol, and could not detect a difference in engine performance, smoothness, or sound.

Some E85 ethanol proponents say the blend keeps fuel systems cleaner than gasoline, for potentially lower long-term maintenance costs. Ford and GM have no special maintenance requirements for their E85 ethanol flex-fuel vehicles, but other manufacturers may require use of specific engine lubricants.

Check your owner's manual or consult your dealer. Motorists fueling up with E85 ethanol should share that information with their dealer service department or parts supplier when ordering replacement parts.

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Once you decide you want to jump on the E85 ethanol bandwagon, you may have trouble actually climbing aboard. Efforts by automakers and the government to increase the number of gas stations that carry E85 ethanol have raised their ranks by some stations over the past year.

Nonetheless, only about of the nation'sgas stations carry E85 ethanol fuel. Another or so E85 ethanol refueling stations are fleet or government sites not open to the public. Most locations are in Midwest corn belt states, where E85 ethanol production and sales have for years benefited from government supports. As of Novemberaccording to the U. Department of Energy, Minnesota led the nation with E85 ethanol fuel sites, followed by Illinois withMissouri with 63, Iowa with 56, and South Dakota with Most states had fewer than a dozen.

Go to E85refueling. Once you pull up to an E85 ethanol pump, you aren't likely to find the price per gallon of E85 significantly different from that of octane regular grade gas. Supply, demand, and distribution costs figure among reasons E85 ethanol can be more expensive than conventional gasoline at the pump.

Government and auto industry efforts to promote the fuel have increased demand for E85 ethanol, helping create a supply crunch at refineries. In addition, wholesale ethanol prices are increasing as oil companies stock up on the alcohol as a substitute for petroleum additives suspected of causing cancer.

And E85 ethanol costs more to distribute than gas. The blend can't be pumped through petroleum pipelines because of the corrosive impact of its alcohol content, for example. In the final analysis, of course, E85 producers and retailers are free to charge what they can to satisfy demand and make a profit. So you've found a station with E85 ethanol, decided the price was right, and you've filled the tank of your flex-fuel car or truck. How far will it take you?

Not as far as a tank of gasoline would. As the examples of the Impala and F show, your fuel economy using E85 ethanol is lower than with gasoline. These are not isolated examples. Overall, depending on the vehicle, fuel economy with E85 ethanol is some 20 to 30 percent less than with gasoline. Consumer Guide's test Impala, for example, averaged Looked at another way, a tank of E85 ethanol will take you only about 80 percent as far as you could drive on a tank of gasoline.

On E85 ethanol, you'll stop more to refuel, have to plan ahead to make sure the station carries E85 ethanol, and perhaps pay more per gallon once you get there.Ethanol is a renewable fuel that can be produced from a wide range of organic materials, but in the U. It is currently found in almost all gasoline in America. It is made in America in rural farming areas all across the country.

Ethanol is made from crops and other plant material grown right here in the U. Most is currently made from field corn, but new technologies are allowing ethanol to be made from other materials such as switchgrass, wood chips and agricultural waste. Standard corn ethanol uses the starch from the corn kernel.

The rest of the proteins and nutrients are then saved and used as a valuable livestock feed called distillers grains. Most auto makers have flex-fuel models, and the cost difference is negligible. You may already have an FFV and not even know it.

Additionally, ethanol compatibility has seen a huge uptake in the aftermarket and tuning world. With just a few modifications a turbocharged vehicle can be adapted to reap the performance benefits of E Once your car is set up to take advantage of this renewable fuel source, the benefits are exponential. Practically speaking, E85 will help your car burn cleaner, run cooler and is essentially octane fuel.

E85 allows your to run more timing, which yields more power gains.

e85 gas

To reap the full power benefits of ethanol based fuels you'll need to increase fuel flow. Despite having a higher octane rating, E85 has a lower overall energy density than pure pump fuel. Pure gasoline contains approximatelyBTUs per gallon, while E85 contains approximately 84, This means that a greater volume of E85 must be utilized to realize the same energy content.

So your fuel consumption will increase, especially when running your car at full-tilt. However, Omega Fuels is committed to the expanded use of clean-burning ethanol and guarantees to keep their pump E85 priced much lower than standard ethanol fuels quite the opposite of other filling stations taking advantage of this fuels scarcity. The cost savings provided by Omega Fuels are designed to offset the MPG lost, while still allowing you and the environment to benefit from E As of yet, there are about filling stations selling E85 in the USA and many of those are located in the central region of our country.

e85 gas

Even when you find "E85" at the pump there is often no guarantee of its true ethanol content. Further, this content at the pump can fluctuate from season to season, or even visit to visit.

Both time consuming and risky. These innovations allow for the car and the ECU to automatically detect ethanol content and adjust timing in real-time. Omega Fuels has made it their mission to provide the public with alternative fuel options.Ethanol is the same type of alcohol that is found in an alcoholic drink.

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It's often used in motor vehicle gasoline as an additive. And if you want to use ethanol fuel Eit takes 1. So you ask why this would be so bad besides the increased cost of running a higher ethanol rated fuel?

Why are people starting to use this gas more?

e85 gas

Let's take a look at some of the bad and good about ethanol gasoline. We will talk about some general good news, bad news, and how ethanol effects small engines a little more specifically. I always like hearing the bad news first.

One of the bad things that happens with ethanol is that your mileage will actually decrease. The New York Times stated that E10 gasoline, which is the gas we use in America, actually gives you miles per gallon less than gasoline.

Now, my vehicle gets around 21 gallons per mile, unless I am hauling something. Do not let the price per gallon fool you if you are looking for cost efficiency. One of the issues with ethanol is that it attracts water and it does break down faster than gasoline.

This is not much of an issue with transportation vehicles. But with small engines this can be a huge problem. With water absorbing into the fuel, there is the chance that rust will form on the interior of the engine. For obvious reasons, this is bad for any piece of equipment. The particles that get into the gas from rust flakes will clog up the fuel filter sooner or later.

It is possible that these flakes will also cause damage to the pistons, rings, seals, and any number of other components of the engine. Ethanol increases gasoline vapor pressure which may cause a vapor lock in the carburetor. This fuel starvation will prevent the engine from starting.

This is an issue in higher altitudes and hot weather. Make sure to be storing gasoline with an ethanol mixture properly and to use it in a timely fashion. Gasoline with ethanol decreases the life of the engine and its parts. The alcohol is not good for seals and causes a quicker break-down. Having a cleaning agent like this constantly in a small engine that was not engineered for this fuel mixture simply ages it at a faster rate.

The ethanol in E10 gas breaks down quickly.Anaheim — La Palma Ave.

E85 vs. Gasoline Comparison Test

Bakersfield — White Lane. Carlsbad — Carlsbad Village. City of Industry — S. Hacienda Blvd. Costa Mesa — Newport Blvd. El Cajon — East Main St. El Cajon — Mollison Ave. El Cajon — West Main St. Fairfield — Gold Hill Rd. Fontana — Baseline Ave.

Fontana — Foothill Blvd.

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Fresno — Blackstone Ave. Fullerton — Imperial Hwy. Fullerton — Orangethorpe Ave. Fullerton — Raymond Ave. Hesperia — Three Flags Ct. Huntington Beach — Beach Blvd. Huntington Beach — Goldenwest St. Los Angeles — Fletcher Dr. Oceanside — Coast Highway.

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